What does it solve?
Gun owners can make their homes and communities safer by storing their guns securely. This means storing them locked, unloaded, and separate from ammunition. Securing firearms protects children and adults by preventing unintentional shootings and gun suicides.
Research shows secure storage practices play a vital role in reducing the risk of gun violence. Storing firearms securely protects children and adults by preventing unintentional shootings and gun suicides.
Unload, Lock, and Separate
Assume children and teens can find guns. Store firearms locked, unloaded, and separate from ammunition.
Myth & Fact
How it works
Secure storage prevents shootings by disrupting unauthorized access to firearms.
Six states and the District of Columbia, as well as several cities including New York and San Francisco, have laws mandating that owners secure their firearms.
Fourteen states have passed another form of firearm storage laws, known as child access prevention (CAP) laws, which generally provide that if a minor accesses a firearm, the person who failed to adequately secure the firearm is liable. Four states have storage laws that are also aimed at preventing access to firearms by persons legally prohibited from having them.
Public awareness is also critical to ensuring that guns are stored securely. The Moms Demand Action Be SMART program is one of many models that can be used by public officials and members of the community to build awareness of the importance of secure firearm storage.
We are all safer when guns are stored unloaded, locked, and separate from ammunition. One study found that households that locked both firearms and ammunition were associated with a 78 percent lower risk of self-inflicted firearm injuries and an 85 percent lower risk of unintentional firearm injuries among children and teens, compared to those that locked neither. Another estimated that if half of households with children that have at least one unlocked gun switched to locking all their guns, one-third of youth gun suicides and unintentional deaths could be prevented, saving an estimated 251 lives in a single year.
By the numbers
An estimated 54 percent of gun owners don’t lock all of their guns securely.
Every year, nearly 350 children under the age of 18 unintentionally shoot themselves or someone else.
4.6 million children live in a home with at least one unlocked and loaded firearm.