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Repeal Stand Your Ground Laws

Solutions

Repeal Stand Your Ground Laws

What does it solve?

Shoot First, also known as Stand Your Ground, laws allow people to shoot to kill in public even when they can safely walk away from the danger. These laws threaten public safety by encouraging armed vigilantism. They allow a person to kill another person in a public area even when there are clear and safe ways to retreat from a dangerous situation.

Shoot First laws encourage avoidable escalation of violence, and they do not deter crime. Under traditional self-defense law, a person can use force to defend themselves anywhere. If they’re outside their home, though, they can’t use force that is likely to kill or seriously injure someone if there’s a safe way to avoid it. These laws allow people to shoot to kill in public even when they can safely walk away from the danger. Shoot First laws are associated with increases in homicides and injuries, and disproportionately impact communities of color. Lawmakers should put the safety of their constituents first and repeal these dangerous laws in their states.

No Stand Your Ground Law

Which states have rejected Stand Your Ground laws?

AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

No Stand Your Ground Law

Alabama has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Alaska has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Arizona has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Arkansas has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

California has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Colorado has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Connecticut has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Delaware has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Florida has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Georgia has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Hawaii has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Idaho has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Illinois has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Indiana has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Iowa has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Kansas has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Kentucky has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Louisiana has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Maine has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Maryland has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Massachusetts has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Michigan has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Minnesota has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Mississippi has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Missouri has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Montana has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Nebraska has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Nevada has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

New Hampshire has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

New Jersey has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

New Mexico has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

New York has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

North Carolina has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

North Dakota has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Ohio has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Oklahoma has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Oregon has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Pennsylvania has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Rhode Island has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

South Carolina has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

South Dakota has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Tennessee has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Texas has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Utah has not adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Vermont has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Virginia has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Washington has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

West Virginia has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Wisconsin has adopted this policy

No Stand Your Ground Law

Wyoming has not adopted this policy

Myth & Fact

Myth

Shoot First laws are necessary to prevent harm.

Fact

In most cases, you can avoid a conflict when one party retreats. For example, in the majority of Florida Stand Your Ground cases, the person who claimed Stand Your Ground could have retreated to avoid the confrontation.

How it works

Shoot First laws encourage escalated violence.

Under traditional self-defense law, a person can use force to defend themselves anywhere. When they are outside their home, however, they cannot use force likely to kill or seriously injure someone if there is a safe way to avoid it. Traditional self-defense gives people the right to protect themselves, but also recognizes that it is always best to avoid killing someone if possible. It does not require a person to retreat from a situation if retreating would put them in danger, but requires a person to avoid killing another if there is a clear and safe way to do so. These laws upend traditional self-defense by allowing people to shoot to kill in public, even when they can safely walk away from the danger.

Shoot first laws are associated with increases in homicide rates resulting in 700 additional homicides each year. Research on these laws has demonstrated that these laws are associated with increases in firearm homicides. At the state level, these laws have been associated with considerable increases in gun deaths, including unintentional deaths: 6 to 7 percent more gun deaths occurred in suburban counties and 8 percent more gun deaths occurred in urban counties in states that adopted these laws.

Stand Your Ground laws disproportionately impact communities of color. In states with these laws, homicides in which white shooters kill Black victims are deemed justifiable five times more frequently than when the situation is reversed.

By the numbers

Victories

You might be wondering…

  1. 1 What is a Stand Your Ground law?
  2. 2 Shoot First laws, also known as Stand Your Ground laws, are dangerous. How do they encourage violence?